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South America Natural Wonders
Sierra Nevada De Santa Marta
El Cocuy National Park
Choco Forest
Los Nevados National Park
Amacayacu National Park
Sierra Nevada De Mérida
Henri Pittier National Park
The Llanos, Venezuela
Orinoco Delta
Guacharo Caves
Amazon Basin
Angel Falls


Henri Pittier National Park
Aragua State, Venezuela
Earth's Natural Wonders in South America
Area of park: 350 square miles (1,078 sq. km)
Highest peak: Pico Cenizo
Rock type: Igneous, 60 million years
Henri Pittier National Park is the oldest of Venezuela's national parks and is famous for its birdlife. Its eco-systems vary with altitude. The park was re-named Henri Pittier in recognition of the Swiss biologist who was instrumental in its foundation. Henri Pittier arrived in Venezuela in 1917, and classified more than 30 thousand species of plants in the country and he decided to dedicate some years in studying the flora and fauna in the area of the current park. Henri Pittier was the one who started Venezuelan National Park history.

Henri Pittier National Park
Henri Pittier National Park is the park's oldest Venezuela, originally created in 1937 under the name Rancho Grande by decree of President Eleazar López Contreras. The park was renamed in 1953 with the name of Henri Pittier, a distinguished geographer, botanist and ethnologist Swiss, who arrived in Venezuela in 1917, ranked more than 30 thousand plants in the country and spent many years studying the flora and fauna in the park. [3]
Henri Pittier National Park[2]

Henry Pittier Park has the honor of having started the history of National Parks in Venezuela. It has an area of 107,800 hectares, located in the northern state of Aragua, covers much of the coast aragüeñas and the mountainous area of the state of Carabobo, also borders the Parque Nacional San Esteban. Henri Pittier National Park is the largest among the national parks of the Cordillera de la Costa.

The park consists of two geographic systems: a rugged mountainous home to over 500 species of birds and 22 endemic species. . The second system is the coastline with bays, beaches and resorts of a huge tourism potential.

Besides its ecological importance, is also an important source of water for cities and towns that surround it and is also the land where he cultivates one of the best cocoa in the world, especially in the village of Chuao. [3]

Henri Pittier Park shoreline


Ordered the National Park February 13 in 1937 and originally christened with the name of Rancho Grande, under the chairmanship of General Eleazar López Contreras, became the first national park status in the country.

. Subsequently, the May 24th of 1953 was renamed Henri Pittier, distinguished engineer, naturalist, botanist and founder of the Swiss national park system of Venezuela, which achieved the consolidation of the park and spent most of his life in the study of forest ecosystem tropical and the thousands of species of plants and wildlife in the park.

Although its beginnings were in 90,000 has the park, later in 1974 in the government of Carlos Andrés Pérez was appended another 17,800 ha, resulting in a total area of 107,800 ha, current geographic area of the park.

It was created with the aim of preserving the rain forest ecosystems and marine and estuarine environments of the coastal Cordillera de la Costa, threatened by the fires and farming activities and to protect its biodiversity and the preservation of endemic species, rare vulnerable or endangered. It also protects important water resources that supply water to nearby towns and is a space for research, recreation and environmental education. Por ello los esfuerzos del científico Henri Pittier para la creación del Parque. Therefore the efforts of Henri Pittier science for the creation of the Park.

For years the park has been protected by the National Parks of Venezuela (INPARQUES), which assumes a systematic policy of conservation and preservation of natural resources in the park. [3]


This steepingly sloping area on Venezuela's moutainous north coast became the first national park in Venezuela in 1937, largely due to efforts of Swiss biologist Henri Pittier who identified more than 30,000 Venezuelan plants in the area. The park's 60 to 80 million-year-old rocks support a moist, rich forest. The great variety of altitudes and habitats include coastal mangroves, coastal dry scrub, tropical grassland, palm-rich lowland forest, cloud forest, and elfin forest. The park also hosts over 580 bird species. One day's birding may reveal glories such as rufous-crowned peppershrike, blue-hooded euphonia, russet-backed oropendula, as well as endemic species such as golden-breasted fruiteater, blood-eared parakeet, and guttulated foliage-gleaner. A five to six day visit can yield sightings of 400 bird species, as well as armadillos, puma, tapir, ocelot, and monkeys. The Portachuelo Pass at 3,700 feet above sea level is a major route for birds and insects migrating down the Atlantic coast to South America.[4]


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1.Flickr-Henri Pittier- Creative Commons Attribution License-retrieved 6/22/2009
2.Wikimedia Commons-Henri Pittier National Park-retrieved 6/22/2009
3.Wikipedia-Pittier National Park-retrieved 6/22/2009
4.1,001 Natural Wonders You Must See Before You Die 2005-p. 627- Michael Bright-retrieved 6/22/2009
  Wikipedia  text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

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