7 Natural Wonders of the World
New Seven Wonders of Nature-One
of 28 nominees. Winners will be announced in 2011.
Seven Wonders of Nature
0' 0? N, 8° 15' 0 E
Forest region ('Schwarzwald')
is essentially known for three
distinctive features: its highlands,
scenery and woods, the typical
Black Forest Gateau ('Schwarzwälder
Kirschtorte') whose success
is based on tasty cherry schnapps
and the traditional cuckoo-clock.
The Black Forest
region is blessed with a particularly
rich mythological landscape.
The Black Forest (German:
Schwarzwald) is a wooded mountain
range in Baden-Württemberg, southwestern
Germany. It is bordered by the Rhine
valley to the west and south. The
highest peak is the Feldberg with
an elevation of 1,493 meters (4,898
ft). The region is almost rectangular
with a length of 200 km (120 mi) and
breadth of 60 km (37 mi). Hence it
has an area of approximately 12,000
km² (4,600 sq mi).
Geologically, the Black Forest consists
of a cover of sandstone on top of
a core of gneiss. During the last
glacial period of the Würm glaciation,
the Black Forest was covered by glaciers;
several tarn lakes such as the Mummelsee
are remains of this period.
Rivers in the Black Forest include
the Danube (which rises in the Black
Forest), the Enz, the Kinzig, the
Murg, the Nagold, the Neckar, the
Rench, and the Wiese. The Black Forest
is part of the continental divide
between the Atlantic Ocean drainage
basin (drained by the Rhine) and the
Black Sea drainage basin (drained
by the Danube).
Points of interest
Winter on Schauinsland: famous "Windbuchen"
Beeches bent by the windThe cities
of Freiburg and Baden-Baden are popular
tourist destinations on the western
edge of the Black Forest; towns in
the forest include Bad Herrenalb,
Baiersbronn, Calw (the birth town
of Hermann Hesse) Freudenstadt, Furtwangen,
Gengenbach, Gütenbach, Sasbachwalden,
Schramberg, Staufen, Titisee-Neustadt,
Hausach, and Wolfach. Other popular
destinations include such mountains
as the Feldberg, the Belchen, the
Kandel, and the Schauinsland; the
Titisee and Schluchsee lakes; the
All Saints Waterfalls; the Triberg
Waterfalls, not the highest, but the
most famous waterfalls in Germany;
and the gorge of the River Wutach.
is an open-air museum that shows the
life of sixteenth or seventeenth century
farmers the region, featuring a number
of reconstructed Black Forest farms.
The German Clock Museum in Furtwangen
shows the history of the clock industry
and of watchmakers.
For drivers, the main
route through the region is the rapid
A5 (E35) motorway, but a variety of
sign-posted scenic routes such as
the Schwarzwald-Hochstrasse (60 km
(37 mi), Baden-Baden to Freudenstadt),
Schwarzwald Tälerstrasse (100
km (62 mi), the Murg and Kinzig valleys)
or Badische Weinstrasse (Baden Wine
Street, 160 km (99 mi), a wine route
from Baden-Baden to Weil am Rhein)
offers calmer driving along high roads..
The last is a picturesque trip starting
in the south of the Black Forest going
north and includes numerous old wineries
and tiny villages. Another, more specialized
route is the 'Deutsche Uhrenstraße'
("German Clock Road") ,
a circular route which traces the
horological history of the region.
Due to the rich mining
history dating from medieval times
(the Black Forest was one of the most
important mining regions of Europe
around 1100) there are many mines
re-opened for the public. Such mines
may be visited in the Kinzig valley,
the Suggental, the Muenster valley,
and around Todtmoos.
The Black Forest also
was visited by on several occasions
by Count Otto von Bismarck during
his rule 1873-1890. Allegedly, he
especially was interested in the Triberg
Waterfalls. There is now a monument
in Triberg dedicated to Bismarck,
who apparently enjoyed the tranquility
of the region, which was something
that could not be found in his residence
North black forest in
Germany Schwarzwald, Hornisgrinde, Nordschwarzwald