Home Asia Europe North America Polar Regions South America Africa Australia
English
Italian
Korean
Chinese (Simplified)
Chinese (Traditionnal
Portuguese
German
French
Spanish
Japanese
Arabic
Russian
Greek
Dutch
Bulgarian
Czech
Croat
Danish
Finnish
Hindi
Polish
Romanian
Swedish
Norwegian
Catalan
Filipino
Hebrew
Indonesian
Latvian
Lithuanian
Serbian
Slovak
Slovenia
Ukrainian
Vietnamese
Albanian
Estonian
Galician
Maltese
Thai
Turkish
Hungarian

 

 


 

 

 

 

South America Natural Wonders
Sierra Nevada De Santa Marta
El Cocuy National Park
Choco Forest
Los Nevados National Park
Amacayacu National Park
Sierra Nevada De Mérida
Henri Pittier National Park
The Llanos, Venezuela
Orinoco Delta
Guacharo Caves
Amazon Basin
Angel Falls

 

 

 

Sierra Nevada De Santa Marta,
Magdalena / Cesar / Le Guajira, Colombia
 
Earth's Natural Wonders in South America
 
Elevation of Sierra Nevada De Santa Marta;
sea level to 18,942 feet (5,775 meters)
 

The Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta is an isolated mountain range apart from the Andes chain that runs through Colombia. Reaching an altitude of 5,700 metres above sea level just 42 km from the Caribbean coast, the Sierra Nevada is the world's highest coastal range. The Sierra Nevada encompasses about 17,000 km² and serves as the source of 36 rivers. Its range covers the Magdalena Department, Cesar Department and La Guajira Department.

The highest point of the Sierra Nevada group (and Colombia in general) may be either Pico Cristóbal Colón or Pico Simón Bolívar; it has never been determined which is higher. SRTM data and local topographic maps show that their true elevations is approximately 5,700 metres, lower than the 5,775 metre elevation that is often quoted.

The Sierra Nevada is a compact group, relatively small in area, and completely surrounded by lands with elevations below 200 metres. The main backbone of the Andes cannot be reached from the Sierra Nevada without dropping below this level. This makes its highest point the world's fifth most prominent summit.

The Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta is home to a number of ecoregions, which vary with elevation.

The Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub region lies near the Caribbean seacoast to the north of the range. The Sinú Valley dry forests cover the range's lower slopes, up to an elevation of 500 meters.[2]

 

 
View Larger Map

 

The Santa Marta montane forests lie above 500-800 meters elevation. The montane forests are separated from other moist forests by the lower-elevation dry forests and xeric shrublands, and have large numbers of endemic species. The montane forests ecoregion has several distinct plant communities, distinguished by altitude and rainfall; moist lowland forests cover the windward northern and western flanks of the range between 500 and 900 meters elevation, and the drier eastern and southern flanks from 800 to 1000 meters elevation. Above 900 meters elevation is a transitional forest zone of smaller trees and palms. Cloud forests occur above 1000 meters elevation; the Sub-Andean forests from 1000-1150 to 2500 meters elevation form a canopy 25-35 meters tall, while the higher-elevation Andean forests, between 2500 and 3300 meters elevation, grow to 15-20 meters in height.

The Santa Marta Páramo, a high altitude belt of montane grasslands and shrublands interspersed with marshes and acid bogs, occupies the zone between 3300 and 4500-5000 meters. The Santa Marta Páramo is the northernmost enclave of Páramo in South America, which occur along the Andes belt. Above 4500-5000 meters lies the permanent snow cap.[3]

 

 

The World Wonders .Com-visit 1,000 world wonders at www.theworldwonders.com

 

 
 
African
American
Asian
European
Oceanian
Others
 
   
 
   
28 finalists-7 winners will be announced in 2011

 

 
References
 
1.Flickr--retrieved 6/19/2009
2.Wikipedia--retrieved 6/19/2009
3.1,001 Natural Wonders You Must See Before You Die 2005-Michael Bright-retrieved 6/19/2009
 Wikipedia  text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  Link to this site---Terms of Service---Privacy policy---Contact Us

free web stats