The Western Brook Pond
is a Canadian fjord or lake located
in Gros Morne National Park on the
west coast of the island of Newfoundland.
It is in the Long Range Mountains,
the most northern section of the Appalachian
It is surrounded by
steep rock walls 600 m (2,000 ft)
high., having been carved from the
surrounding plateau by glaciers. After
the glaciers melted, the land rebounded
and the fjord was cut off from the
sea. Salty water was eventually flushed
from the fjord leaving it fresh. The
catchment area is composed of igneous
rock with relatively thin soil, so
the waters feeding Western Brook Pond
are low in nutrients and the lake
is classified as ultraoligotrophic.
It is fed by Stag Brook at the extreme
eastern end of the lake and by numerous
waterfalls cascading from the plateau
above. One of these, Pissing Mare
Falls at 350 m (1,100 ft), is one
of the highest in eastern North America.
The lake is accessible
by a moderate-easy 3 km (1.9 mi) hiking
trail over coastal bogs and low limestone
ridges. Two tour boats, one with a
capacity of 70 passengers and the
other 90 passengers, cruise the lake
from June to mid-October. The lake
waters are pristine, having had very
little impact from human activities.
The tour boat operators had to undergo
special certification to ensure that
their operations would have minimal
impact on the environment.
In the early part of
the 20th century, a part of the surrounding
cliff broke off and fell into the
lake, causing a 30 m (98 ft) tsunami.
You tube video
Boat ride on Western
Brook Pond in Gros Morne National
Park in western Newfoundland.