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Waimea Canyon
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Mount Kilauea
Cinder Cone from Pu'u'O'o eruption of Mount Kilauea
Hawaii, Hawaiian Islands
 
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Lava output of Mount Kilauea: 130,000 gallons per minute
Sulfur dioxide emissions: 2,500 tons per day
Kilauea Volcano Cinder Cone [1]
   
   
Small Lava Vent at Mount Kilauea Caldera
In the longest-running eruption of its 200-year history, it burst back into life in January 1983. This fiery crown jewel of the Volcanoes National Park on the Big Island of Hawaii began spewing between 390,400 and 790,000 cubic yards of lava each day from a fissure on its southeastern face called Pu'u O'o. The lava flows have buried more than 39 square miles of Kilauea's southern flank and added another square mile of land to the island.[2]
Mount Kilauea Caldera [1]
 

 

Kilauea is an active volcano in the Hawaiian Islands, one of five shield volcanoes that together form the Island of Hawaii. In Hawaiian, the word kilauea means "spewing" or "much spreading", in reference to the mountain's frequent outpouring of lava. Issuing lava continuously at Pu'u O'o since January 1983, Kilauea is currently the most active volcano on the Earth, an invaluable resource for volcanologists, and also the planet's most visited active volcano. The volume of erupted material could pave a road across the world 3 times. Lava less than 1000 yrs old covers 90% of Kilauea

Kilauea is the most recent of a series of volcanoes that have created the Hawaiian Archipelago, as the Pacific Plate has moved and is moving over the Hawaii hotspot . An eruption that started in 1983 is ongoing. These eruptions occur in the Pu'u O'o vent. Thirty-three eruptions have taken place since 1952 not including the current episode.

In local belief the volcano is the home of the Hawaiian goddess of volcanoes, Pele. Legend says that eruptions take place whenever the goddess is angry. These concepts are included in tribal chants practiced by residents of the region.


Kilauea is located on Hawaii Island, Hawaii, in the United States. It lies against the southeast flank of much larger Mauna Loa volcano. Mauna Loa's massive size and elevation (13,677 feet or 4,169 m) is a stark contrast to Kilauea, which rises only 4,091 feet (1,247 m) above sea level, and thus from the summit caldera appears as a broad shelf of uplands well beneath the long profile of occasionally snow-capped Mauna Loa, 15 miles (24 km) distant. Kilauea is a very low, flat shield volcano — vastly different in profile from the high, sharply sloping peaks of stratovolcanoes like Mt. Fuji, Mount Hood, and Mount St. Helens.

Kilauea Caldera

Rainbow and volcanic ash with sulfur dioxide emissions from Halema'uma'u vent.Hawaii Volcanoes National Park encompasses a portion of Kilauea, and the park visitor center is located near the margin of the summit caldera, overlooking a large pit crater called Halema'uma'u. The roughly circular caldera measures 3x5 km (or 6x6 km, including the outermost ring faults).[3]

You Tube Video

Kilauea is the youngest and southeastern most volcano on the Big Island of Hawaii. Topographically Kilauea appears as only a bulge on the southeastern flank of Mauna Loa, and so for many years Kilauea was thought to be a mere satellite of its giant neighbor, not a separate volcano. However, research over the past few decades shows clearly that Kilauea has its own magma-plumbing system, extending to the surface from more than 60 km deep in the earth.

 

 

MyEarbot
May 19, 2007

 

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References
 
1. Kilaueaadventure.com-Mount Kileauea-retrieved 7/12/2009
2. 1,001 Natural Wonders You Must See Before You Die 2005-p.800- Michael Bright-retrieved 6/2/2009
3. Wikpedia-Mount Kileauea-retrieved 7/12/2009
 
 
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